Sunday, July 10, 2016

Loyalists!

British loyalists are a big focus of my research, because my ex-husband's family is full of them. I've posted about my theory that the Hawksley who came to Canada and was the progenitor of my ex-husband's family might have been a British soldier stationed at Fredericton.

As for other family names, it's the parents of Mary Goodwin (Mr. Hawksley's wife) who also elude me. I've finally started looking more closely at the families they married into and identifying which ones were also loyalists. Why? Because it's possible they knew each other back in the United States and/or traveled to New Brunswick together.

The story of Mr. Goodwin is that he was living in New Jersey and joined the army to fight on the British side. As a result, his lands were confiscated and he moved his family to Saint John. Mr. Goodwin was a prisoner of war at some point, but escaped with 5 other soldiers (per family lore). His wife's maiden name was Workman, and she sympathized with the patriots/rebels, and asked her husband not to fight for the British side.

I also realized I've never listed the children of the Goodwin family or the Goodwin as a family group, so here they are.

Children of ? Goodwin and ? Workman


1. Sarah Goodwin


Born about 1781 (?) and died 4 Mar 1804 in Saint John, New Brunswick, per the Saint John Gazette. She married in 1803 to a Captain John Brown, though the newspaper notice of her death calls him Joseph. This is super tricky, because there are many John or Joseph Brown is such a common name. Her husband and father went on a fishing trip and never returned. The family was told their ship was captured by a French vessel. They were never heard from again. Sarah was ill at the time and the loss made her death come all that more swiftly. She was aged 23 at the time of her death, so that is how I estimate her birth. They had no children.

2. James Goodwin


Born about 1784 in Saint John, Saint John, New Brunswick and died 26 Feb 1855 in Saint John. He married Ann Barker, 1 Feb 1809 in Saint John.

Ann Barker's father, Thomas Barker of Westchester County, New York, is a proven loyalist per the UELAC. James seemed to have a fairly long, prosperous, and uneventful life as a cordwainer (boot and shoemaker) in Saint John. He and Ann had 8 children, all of whom survived to adulthood, and who have descendants living today.

3. Jesse Goodwin


Born about 1785 (?) in Saint John, death date unknown. Jesse especially interests me, because he was supposedly pressed into service on a British naval man-o-war. I believe he married Sarah Kendrick, on or after November 12, 1805 in Saint John or Ontario.

Sarah Kendrick comes from a fascinating loyalist family, the daughter of Joseph Kendrick and Sarah Rodney. Joseph was the son of John and Dorcas Kendrick, and his other sons - John, Duke William, and Hiram - were all sailors who ultimately settled in Ontario.  Jesse and Sarah may have had at least 2 sons in Ontario, and I have been trying to connect the dots on this branch of the family.

4. Samuel Goodwin


Born about 1786 (?) in Saint John and died about 1804. He was stolen by Indians and gone for 12 years, until one of the women helped him escape and return to his family - another Goodwin who had an interesting life! He may have married Elizabeth Mercer on 1 March 1803 in Saint John. Elizabeth is the daughter of Joseph Mercer, who I believe is probably this proven loyalist from North Carolina. Samuel and Elizabeth had no children.

5. Mary Goodwin

Born about 1787 in Saint John and died May 1868 in Hodgdon, Aroostook County, Maine. Of course, we know she married a Mr. Hawksley, an Englishman, in New Brunswick, and she had her Hawksley children in Fredericton. Mr. Hawksley must have died sometime between September 1815 (approximately conception month of their youngest child) and October 1824 (when Mary remarried to William Madigan).

Since Hawksley was English according to family history, I have wondered if he was a soldier stationed at Fredericton, but of course he might also have simply been a civilian who chose to settle in New Brunswick, Canada. Mary and Mr. Hawksley had 4 children, all of whom lived to adulthood. Mary and William Madigan had 1 child, who lived to adulthood.

6. Isaac Goodwin


Born about 1789 in Saint John and died 26 June 1816. He married Catherine Hardenbrook about 1810. Catherine was the daughter of Abel Hardenbrook, a proven loyalist, and Catherine Hall. Isaac died quite young due to consumption, but he and his wife had at least two children, maybe three. One child who survived to adulthood.

7. Elizabeth Goodwin


Born 4 May 1791 in Saint John and died 4 April 1872 in Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts. Elizabeth or Betsey married Edward Renney after 26 April 1812, when their intention was filed in Kingston, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Edward was supposedly from Leeds, England and died between December 1827 (conception of youngest child) and 1840 (when Elizabeth appears in the 1840 census in Springfield, MA; he may have died by 1830, a year for which I have not yet found a census entry for this family), probably in Massachusetts.

I am not sure what brought Edward to North America, and have not found any reason to potentially connect him to the British military. Elizabeth's death record in Springfield, Massachusetts indicates that her parents were born in New Jersey, but does not give their names. Betsey and Edward had 6 children, 2 of whom died in adolescence. The remaining 4 survived to adulthood.

I haven't really explored the families the Goodwin children married into, but I plan to do so in the coming weeks. I also plan to go through my Goodwin descendants to refine my research and reconnect with one with whom I have corresponded several times.


Copyright (c) 2016 Wendy L. Callahan

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